Shat and karma are the two root words combined to make shatkarma, ‘shat’ means ‘six’ and ‘karma’ is ‘action or kriya’. These 6 actions (shatkriya) are Dhauti, Basti, Neti, Tratak, Nauli and Kapalbhati. Shakarma are the techniques for detoxification that should be performed whenever there is need to take out excessive vata, pitta, kapha and thus balance the doshas. And to take off all the impurities from the body.
The Yogic Diet (Mitahara) – Pearls of Wisdom
Hatha Yoga Pradipika, the yogic text tells the concept of yogic diet (mitahara) in chapter 1 named Asana shloka (verse) 58. It clears what and how much should food is the right and healthy diet.